Underwater methods for marine biodiversity

EMBC+ MODULE 2: Toolbox for investigating marine Biodiversity
semester: 
2
ects: 
2

Surveys design; Data Management; Passive and active Capture Techniques; Care and handling of sampled organisms; Collection, Preservation, and Identification; Underwater visual census: Transect methods, Point counts, Quadrat methods, photography and video, ROVs; Bias associated with UVC methods; UVC and GIS applications for assessing biodiversity and monitoring studies (Case studies: fishing impacts, seamounts, artificial reefs and MPAs).

keywords: 
Underwater surveys design, data collection and management, UVC, ecological numerical methods, GIS, MPA, fisheries ecology
initial: 

Basic knowledge of marine ecology

final: 

The students should be able to understand and be aware of the issues and problems concerning the different sampling methods for biodiversity assessment, namely by direct observation using divers, image based tools (photo/video) or ROV. This full range of methods can answer questions concerning the distribution and abundance, seasonal movements and home ranges, microhabitat use, reproduction, and behaviour of a variety of marine species. Integrating these direct observations, with sonar imagery, GPS, and GIS should provide maps of marine communities distribution and abundance that will benefit resource and environmental managers and other stakeholders like fishing and ecotourism industries.