Deep-sea ecosystem and extreme marine environments

EMBC+ MODULE 1: Understanding the structure and function of Marine Biodiversity
semester: 
3
ects: 
6

• Energy pathways in the dark (chemosynthesis, carbon cycling) and ecosystem functioning
• Colonisation strategies and interactions in extreme environments (habitat, symbioses)
• Processes governing environmental and community dynamics in deep-sea ecosystems
• Initiatives and key issues for the conservation of deep-sea biodiversity and ecosystems
• Methods and tools for exploration and investigation of deep-sea ecosystems
 

keywords: 
DEEP-SEA ECOSYSTEMS, EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS, ENERGY TRANFER AND INTERACTIONS, DEEP-SEA BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS
initial: 

Basics in biology and chemistry are required. A background in marine chemistry, marine ecology, oceanography or biogeochemistry is appreciated but not a prerequisite.  

final: 

The aim of this course is to provide a common multidisciplinary background on the following points.
• Characteristics and distribution of deep-sea extreme environments (hydrothermal vents, hydrocarbon seeps and methane hydrates, anoxic basins or lakes, canyons)
• Fundamental processes controlling biogeochemical cycles and ecosystem functioning in seafloor biodiversity hotspots, and their impact at larger scale
• Importance of deep-sea extreme environments in the evolution and adaptation of marine life (model organisms and model ecosystems)
• Recent advances in underwater technology and in situ analytical techniques to investigate extreme deep-sea environments
Initiatives and challenges for the conservation of biodiversity hotspots in the deep-sea